Propane heaters are an efficient way to produce warmth, using a relatively clean-burning energy source. Depending on your requirements, you can find propane heaters suitable for internal or external use, and sometimes both. Familiarize yourself with your needs and check out this information to work out which heater is going to work best for your needs.
Comparison Chart of the Best Propane Heaters
Mr. Heater F232000 MH9BX Buddy
Texsport Portable Outdoor Propane Heater
Dyna-Glo IR30PMDG-1 Liquid Propane Infrared Vent Free Wall Heater
Mr. Heater F215100 MH4B Little Buddy 3800-BTU Indoor Safe Propane Heater
Dura Heat TT-360 Propane(LP) 360 Degree Tank Top Heater
How Does a Propane Heater Work?
A propane heater works by burning propane. An ignitor, usually a piezoelectric igniter, sparks the fuel. These are often made of quartz. The fuel passes over an element, often porcelain, which distributes the heat by spreading the flame out into a pattern.
Most often a propane heater will have a pilot light which will be used to relight the fuel if it goes out, instead of having to light it from scratch each time. Most heaters are adjustable in temperature, with many having thermostats for automatic temperature balancing.
Propane Heaters vs. Electric Heaters
Firstly, propane heaters are very reliable. Electrical heaters need a strong power source such as the main electricity grid, which is not always an option for everyone. If you live in rural areas or are traveling in a motorhome, the likelihood is that an electrical heater puts far too much strain on the electricity supply.
Propane is quite energy efficient as it contains a high percentage of energy per pound of fuel. That is why it is relatively cheap to run; far less expensive than electricity. Although electric heaters are less expensive in upfront costs, propane is a more economical fuel in the long run. Equally, propane heaters tend to heat air to a warmer temperature than electricity.
Propane heaters are more environmentally-friendly than electric heaters. Long known as the green energy, propane uses less fuel, and the heater generally lasts longer due to higher durability.
One problem with propane is safety. Propane canisters can prove to be an issue if knocked or pierced. Equally, unvented propane heaters are dangerous inside. So make sure to use a vented propane heater when inside if possible. Carbon monoxide poisoning can be a real risk if propane is not burnt efficiently and with enough oxygen. Ensuring that your propane heater has the mechanisms to detect this, will help to prevent it from occurring.
How Do You Choose a Propane Heater?
The first and perhaps most important consideration is size. When looking to heat a space, you must know its dimensions first, to understand what capacity the propane heater will need to have. Larger rooms will need a higher BTU (British Thermal Unit) rating than smaller rooms. As a general rule of thumb, you will need around 35 BTU per square foot of space.
Secondly, consider the energy efficiency of the model you are looking at. In particular, choose the right BTU and ensure that it has a temperature control will help to ensure you have a more energy efficient option.
Consider the price of the model you are purchasing. It may come with all the bells and whistles, but is it more than you need? Are you shelling out a lot of money only to realize it is far more than you require for your given space? If this is the case, you’ll end up paying much more in operation than you originally planned.
In terms of safety features, you want to look for two main things: tip-over and overheat shut-off. Tip-over shut-off will kick in, if the heater or gas tank falls over, which can prevent a fire. The overheat shut-off will turn the heater off when it reaches a certain temperature, protecting it from becoming too hot. Having an oxygen measure is a bonus as it can prevent the production of carbon monoxide. Moreover, cool-touch exteriors are important, especially if you have children and pets.
Be aware that some propane heaters need electricity to function as their ignition mechanism can be a continuous electrical ignition. In this sense, it prevents the heater from going out but will need to be plugged in.
Quick Take: Best Propane Heaters
These are our recommendations for the best propane heaters:
Reviews of the Best Propane Heaters
If you are looking to purchase a propane heater, understanding your own requirements will help you make the best choice. Here are a few of the best propane heaters on the market, to give you an idea of what you are looking for:
This model is a 2000-4000 BTU radiant heater able to heat spaces up to 225 square feet. It shuts off if the pilot light goes out, if it tips over, or if it detects low oxygen. It has a fold-down handle for easy portability.
This is an extremely effective and powerful heater. A versatile heating solution, it can be used both indoors and outdoors but isn’t suitable for high up places.
This outdoor heater works by blowing heat with a fan. It has a maximum capacity of 2890 BTU, and it automatically shuts off if the flame goes out. It has a large paddle base for stability and a reflector to reflect heat outwards.
This is a great outdoor heater and provides efficient warmth for a good price. The only issue is its lack of stability.
This wall heater uses infrared technology powered by propane. It has a 3000 BTU rating and can heat up to 1000 square feet of space. It has a battery powered piezo-ignitor, and the temperature is manually adjustable. There is a built-in oxygen depletion shut-off mechanism, though it has 99.9% efficiency.
It has a sleek design and is a good fit for those looking to save space. Efficient and effective, this heater works well heating big and small spaces. There’s no thermostat, which is inconvenient.
With a low-oxygen sensor, automatic tip-over, overheat shut-off, and a cool-to-touch exterior, this little heater is both safe and effective. It can heat rooms up to 95 feet squared and has a simple on/off button.
It is a great little heater for indoor or outdoor heat. It is surprisingly powerful for its small size but isn’t adjustable in temperature.
This model provides 360-degree infrared radiant heat and can operate for up to 14 hours on a 20-pound tank of propane. It has tip-over and accidental shut-off and lights using a match.
It is a good model to use outside, on working sites or in construction zones. It radiates heat in all directions but needs to be brought inside after a while.
When choosing your propane heater, it is important to ensure that you have the right heater for your circumstance. If you are looking for something to go inside your home, never choose an external heater as they do not have the safety mechanisms and vents to deal with carbon monoxide.
Equally, you’ll find that indoor heaters are designed to cope with interior spaces better. Always bear in mind your own needs, and find a heater that suits you.